A quality battery charger is the most important factor in getting the maximum rated lifespan and performance from your rechargeable batteries. Cheap chargers can overcharge and thus overheat your batteries, stealing away charge/recharge cycles and shelf life that you paid a premium for and might depend on in an emergency.
Not only is a charger a critical part, it’s a relatively fragile electronic device that isn’t design for hard use in emergencies. That should cause your Spidey Sense to tingle because you don’t want to build a prepping plan around a single point of failure.
We solve that by having more than one charger across the sum of our emergency supplies and by naturally having others kinds of batteries and tools on hand — including ways to survive without any batteries at all.
Survival experts think about chargers in two categories anyway, which makes it graceful to buy one of each and have your redundancies mostly covered:
- High-end smart chargers that plug into a wall for daily use
- USB-powered smart chargers that can charge your batteries with energy from a solar panel, hand crank generator, or other renewable power source
Because experts recommend using NiMH LSD rechargeables wherever you can, and lithium-ion-based rechargeables with a built-in USB charging port in other types of gear, you can get by with a charger that has support for NiMH batteries only. Nonetheless, because there are tons of regular Li-Ion batteries (with no USB port) out there that you might come across in an emergency, we strongly preferred chargers able to handle both NiMH and Lithium-Ion chemistry types for this review.
The two Eneloop NiMH LCD AA/AAA starter battery packs that won the best rechargeable battery review come with an included smart charger that’s actually very good. It just doesn’t have all the features for testing, cycling, and controlling the recharge rate that a higher-end charger has. Nonetheless, the included charger is good enough as an entry into daily home use with your NiMH LSD AA and AAA batteries.
Best wall-powered chargers
Best for most people:
Opus BT-C3100 Charger
If you didn’t get one of those included good-enough chargers, or just want a better one, the best home battery charger for preppers is the $45 Opus BT-C3100. It checks all the core boxes for a smart charger — independent charging bays and a negative delta-v charging method — plus it has overheat protection and so many other features that are normally found in more expensive competitors. With this powerful unit you can test batteries, recondition them, and manually select a charging rate. (When charging, slower is better and easier on your batteries, but sometimes you’re in a hurry and just have to get it done — so a variable charging rate is a cool feature for prepping.)
Unlike most NiMH/NiCD chargers, which can be used only with nickel-based batteries, the Opus charger will also power lithium-ion batteries. And it works with any NiMH, NiCD, or Li-Ion size you’re likely to get: AA, AAA, C, 18650, and even the more exotic and obscure sizes.
Bonai 9V NiMH charger
If you went the NiMH LSD route with your 9V batteries (you should), then you’ll want to pick up the $25 Bonai 9V charger. This little unit has two independent charging bays and uses the negative delta-v method, making it perfect for keeping your 9V NiMH LSD batteries in good condition.
Best USB-powered chargers
As renewal energy products (namely solar) grow in usefulness while shrinking in price, most preppers have some way to generate or capture energy without the grid. Although many solar chargers come with their own battery pack, it’s still a good idea to have a high-quality separate one.
These compact emergency and camping generators typically have USB output ports for powering phones and tablets, so to charge your batteries with them you’ll need a charger with a USB power input.
Great for solar:
Nitecore UMS4 USB
The best USB-powered battery charger for preppers is the $40 4-bay Nitecore UMS4, a beast of a charger so feature-rich that you could actually buy it in place of the Opus for a home charger — if you didn’t mind giving up a handful of the Opus’ niche features. The UMS4 auto-detects and properly charges as many different battery types as the Opus, from AA NiMH LSD to exotic Li-ion chemistries and sizes. And its size and micro-USB 2A power input make it compatible with popular solar chargers and cell phone chargers.
The best budget option is the $20 EBL Individual Quick Smart Rechargeable Battery Charger, a compact, USB-powered smart charger specifically for NiMH batteries. This well-reviewed little unit is very lightweight, meets our feature requirements for a NiMH charger, and comes with eight NiMH LSD batteries (4 AA and 4 AAA). We prefer for its mix of capability and packability.
EBL 4-bay NiMH Charger
Bonai 8-bay NiMH Charger
If you want to be able to charge more batteries at once and are ok with a bulkier charger, the $12 Bonai 8-Bay USB Charger is a great, larger-sized USB-powered NiMH smart charger with the core features we require for proper battery maintenance. It has eight independent lanes that can charge up to eight AA or AAA NiMH batteries at once. If it weren’t for the fact that this charger takes up much more space in your pack than the EBL Quick Smart, it would be our budget pick.
How we picked
The battery types recommend by experts — NiMH LSD chemistries in the AA size family — have special charging needs in order to perform and last as well as designed. So much so that a cheap charger can hurt the kind of NiMH batteries relevant to preppers to the point their lifespan is below that of a Li-Ion.
NiMH LSD chargers need two critical features:
- Independent charging bays
- Negative delta-V charging method
Cheap chargers power two bays at a time from the same source. As a result, if you put a full battery in one bay and a half-dead battery in the other, the base unit will either under-charge the former or over-charge the latter. Independently-charged bays are intelligent enough to switch each one on and off.
The negative delta-V charging method is what turn a dumbs charger into a “smart” one. The charging circuit measures the voltage at the beginning of a charging session, tracks it over time, and figures out when to taper off the charge. This keeps the battery from overcharging and overheating.
As good as these recommended chargers are, they aren’t made for the apocalypse, or even for camping and outdoor use. There are a handful of similar chargers marketed to campers that might look attractive for prepping — but they lack critical features, so we can’t recommend them. Until something more rugged comes along, the only thing to do is have multiple chargers you can reach for in case one gets stepped on by a leather-clad wasteland marauder.
A battery tester is optional, but nice to have
Great backup tester:
Although the best smart chargers have testing features built in, you might run into a situation where you find disposable batteries and want to know how much life they have left. Smart chargers typically can’t test disposables, so some preppers add a separate tester to their home supplies. We like the $6 Amprobe BAT-200, an inexpensive and lightweight unit that can test most common types of replaceable batteries.